Anxiety Disorder and Panic Attacks

Anxiety Disorder and Panic Attacks

19/12/2017 0 By Anthony Ekanem

Anxiety is a mental disorder in which a person fears almost anything and they think every result will turn out for the worst.  This fear is terrifying since it is so strong that the individual always fears that someone is after them.  If you have any kind of disorder that is associated with anxiety, your mind will be focused on being terrified for no reason.  You will always believe that there is no solution for your unfounded fear and that there is no way out.  You are feeling paralyzed as if you cannot do anything.  You are frozen with fear.  This disorder can strike at any time.

There are several people who suffer from anxiety attacks.  If you are not suffering from them, you might know someone who is.   If it is you, you should know how to help yourself.  If it’s another person, you should know how to help them too.  The feeling of anxiety originates from your brain.  According to studies that deal with this, there are at least two areas of the human brain that activate the sense of fear and anxiety in our thoughts.  It causes your brain to have a defense mechanism and then you react.

There are drugs that can induce an anxiety attack from side effects or withdrawals. These include alcohol, caffeine containing drinks, cold medication, decongestants, nicotine, weight loss supplements and numerous other medications that people take for various health conditions and illnesses.  Not eating right may also be a contributor to anxiety.  There are some situations, where you may have to take a test or face a lot of people.  If you are not ready, you can get nervous, anxious or jittery.

Who Suffers From Anxiety?

Anxiety is a respecter of no person. It can attack anyone.  It could be your family member, your good friend, co-worker or anyone you may know.  Frequently, it could be those that you know and you would have never thought that they would suffer from this type of health condition. Unfortunately, anxiety disorders affect and have a tendency to interfere with people who try to live a normal life.  When you have excessive anxiety attacks, it could be related to a psychiatric condition. When these disorders become serious and last a longer time, they are considered abnormal.  Along with the symptoms of an anxiety attack, the brain relays messages to other parts of the body. Certain parts of the body, like the lungs and heart, work overtime as the anxiety attack is going on.  The brain ends up releasing a lot of adrenaline.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Generalized Anxiety Disorder, or GAD, deals with people who are frequent worriers and are always anxious.  The thing about this is the fact that there really isn’t a cause for this, nor is anyone or anything responsible to provoke it.  They look for the worst and are always extremely concerned about work, family health and money.  They even feel anxiety throughout their normal day.  It is difficult for them to relax; they are easily startled by people or sounds and they have trouble concentrating.  Sometimes they cannot sleep during the night or awaken in the morning on their own. Below are a few other symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorder:

  • Tiredness
  • Aching muscles
  • Irritation
  • Nausea
  • Sweating
  • Shortness of breath
  • Shaking or trembling
  • Hot flashes

There are other anxiety disorders that happen together with GAD, such as drug abuse and depression. If treated properly, the individual affected can get over their worries with whatever problems they may be dealing with.

Social Anxiety Disorder

Social anxiety disorder, also known as social phobia, happens whenever a person is extremely self-conscious and anxious. It happens every day in various social situations.  They are extremely fearful of being watched.  Also, they are fearful of being judged by others.  They make efforts to be extremely careful and go out of their way not to do things that could cause them embarrassment. For a while, they are really fearful prior to a situation that they feel may become a disaster.  It could become so bad that they lose concentration and cannot think straight. With social anxiety disorder, they can allow this fear to lead them to lose focus.  No matter whether it happens at school, work or at home, having social anxiety disorder makes it difficult for the affected individual to cultivate healthy relationships with others.

With social anxiety disorder, it might be somewhat difficult for people to overcome their excessive fears and concerns.  This is true even if they know that what they feel is not reasonable.  Some will attempt to make amends.  Even then, there is a feeling of anxiety and they don’t feel comfortable when other people are around them. They are overly concerned about how others think of them following the encounter. A person could be in a social environment (for example, at dinner with someone or even more than one person) and they will experience anxiety because they are fearful.  They will sweat a great deal, blush, tremble, or find it hard to hold a discussion with other people at the table. They always appear to feel that other people are observing them.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

People that deal with obsessive-compulsive disorder, or OCD, constantly have thoughts that can make them upset.  To get their anxiety under control, they use compulsions (rituals). However, the tables end up turning on them because the rituals assume control over their mind. For example, there are some people who are obsessed with being clean. They may be known as “clean freaks”.  Needless to say, it’s a good practice to want everything to remain clean, however they can reach the point of being overly controlling about germs and bacteria or dirty areas.  They have a compulsion to clean their hands frequently.  They don’t really want any germs or dirt and mud to touch their hands.  If they go to the bathroom, they will take a paper towel to open and close the door, just to avoid getting germs on their hands.

If people who have OCD don’t feel like they look their best, they will look in the mirror many times until they feel they are presentable.  They don’t really want to feel as if they look out-of-place in the midst of other people.  These actions provide them with a short-term release of the anxiety they have been feeling.  People who have this disorder are always compelled to check things repeatedly, or ensure that things are in the same place consistently.

Sometimes, they may be obsessed with ideas of assault or injury to others.  They also have thoughts of crazy things that people would not normally think about.  Periodically they feel they need to hoard and keep things that they don’t really need.  There are others that have rituals in their home.  One of the most common ones is checking the stove many times before they leave to ensure it is off. Having obsessive-compulsive disorder can turn into havoc and an unwelcome interruption when it happens on a regular basis.

Calling for Help

Whenever a person is ingrained with obsessive-compulsive disorder, they know very well that what they may be doing may not make much sense, but they don’t look at their behaviour as something that is abnormal. The symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder can come and go at any time.  If it really gets bad, it can severely affect a person from acting in a normal capacity and doing certain tasks.  It’s a good idea for those that are dealing with this not to use alcohol or drugs to calm them down.  It just makes the situation worse for them.

There are certain treatments and medications that can be used to ward off obsessive-compulsive disorder. They can help people who are in fear or anxiety to be desensitized to what is going on around them.


Thank you for reading. Please subscribe to our Newsletter so you don’t miss future publications.